Before 1841, there were no white people in Collin County. Just prior to settlement by the white man, Lucas was inhabited by Indians, mainly Caddo, Kickapoo, Cherokee, Delaware and Tonkawa who were peaceful farming/hunting tribes. The Delaware had a village in the vicinity of Fitzhugh Mills. Beginning with one of the earliest men, the Clovis man, ten thousand years ago, many different Indian tribes have inhabited the region over the centuries, changing and morphing as tribes conquered or integrated with other tribes.
The 1836 land grants to Calvin Boles, William Thompson, Sam Sloan, Hardin Wright, Richard H. Locke were 4400 acres each and were given to them for fighting in the Texas Revolution, but it doesn’t appear that any of these men came up from south Texas to live on the land. They eventually sold their land to others. The ‘real’ first settlers seem to have come in with the 2nd and 3rd class headrights. These people settled and cultivated the land beginning in 1841. Only a handful had settled in Collin County by 1841, mainly at the Throckmorton settlement of cabins surrounded by a stockade on Throckmorton Creek. From time to time, families would venture out to settle land outside the settlement but were driven back by Indian attacks. The attacking Indians usually came in from the west and were usually Comanche. The last Indian raid in Collin County occurred in the fall of 1843 at the Muncey homestead, which was on the southwest side of Rowlett Creek just north of the Jupiter Road/Spring Creek Blvd. intersection. This raid is documented with an historical marker, which now resides on the campus of Collin County Junior College. It wasn’t until around 1844, after the Muncey killings, that it was safe enough to live on your land. From 1844 to 1850, the population grew a lot.
Settlement of Lucas really began with those granted 3rd class headrights, which were 640 acres for a married man and his family and 320 acres for a single man. These headrights required the grantor to live on, cultivate and improve the land. Land with a creek running through it was prime property.
The original land grantees for the Lucas area are shown on this 1881 map of Land Grants. The average taxable value of land per acre in Collin County in 1849 was 68 cents. In 1850 it was 75 cents and the population was 1,950 including 134 slaves. The settlers’ origin prior to Texas included Arkansas, Georgia, Illinois, Indiana, Kentucky, Missouri, North Carolina, South Carolina, Tennessee, Virginia, a few other states and 1.5% from Europe. According to “Peters Colony & Pioneer Settlers of Texas” from www.rootsweb.com/~txcolli2 .”the largest group came from Missouri at 27.5%. Arkansas had 14.2%, Tennessee 12.9% and Kentucky 11%. Farmers comprised 87.5% of all the occupations with Artisans and Professionals at 4.5%.” Misspelling of names was common as many could not read nor write.