The anglicized form of Tsalagi, which history spells dozens of ways. The accepted meaning is "cave people." The Cherokee were woodlands people living in the Appalachians and other parts of the South.
They once held all lands in the
Virginias, the Carolinas, Tennessee, Georgia and Alabama. Word of gold
mines stirred interest among the English, who first mentioned the "Cherakae"
in 1674. Acquiring firearms in 1700, the tribe became more warlike,
leading frontier wars sparked by European colonization.
As one of the Five Civilized Tribes in
the 1800s in Indian Territory, the Cherokee saw great advancements made in
both education and government. And in 1844, the first newspaper in
Oklahoma, the CHEROKEE ADVOCATE, was published in Tahlequah.
The Five Civilized Tribes Museum (Muskogee); Will Rogers Memorial (Claremore); Cherokee National Capitol, Prison and Supreme Court (Tahlequah); Cherokee Heritage Center (S of Tahlequah); Murrell Home (Park Hill); Sequoyah's Cabin (Sallisaw).